Cardamom refers to several plants of the similar genera Elettaria and Amomum in the ginger family Zingiberaceae

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Turmeric of commerce is the dried rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa. Turmeric is an erect perennial herb, grown as an annual crop. The above ground morphology of the plant is mainly represented by an erect pseudo stem bearing leaves and inflorescence. There may be 2–3 pseudo stems (tillers) per plant.


Cloves are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.